The History of the Folding Bike

In the spring of that year, they started advertising in the local press. The Nottinghamshire Guardian of 15 May printed what was possibly the first Woodhead and Angois classified advertisement. Raleigh advert from Russell Street Cycle Works. He was a lace gasser, a service provider involved in the bleaching and treating of lace, with premises in nearby Clare Street and Glasshouse Street. Thanks to Ellis, the bicycle works had now expanded round the corner from Raleigh Street into former lace works on the adjoining road, Russell Street. By , the company was making about three cycles a week and employed around half a dozen men.

New Zealand bikes of the 1980s

The bike was a disaster–a real rust bucket–but as I tore it down, I was astounded to see that it was largely unused and almost completely original. None of the bearings had any visible wear, and even the brake pads, gears, chain, and cable sheaths were ones that came new with the bike. The only nonoriginal part was the saddle; I assume that the original leather one died a moldy death as the bike sat decaying in a series of garages.

My philosophy of old bikes probably won’t be approved by most purists. I am not interested in creating museum pieces; I have no interest in a bike I can’t ride. I don’t have the time, inclination, or energy to research any bike in detail and to determine its original configuration, down to the last lockwasher.

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So, Raleigh is relaunching the Chopper onto our roads in a bid to recapture the spirit of the s and command a bigger slice of Britain’s new love affair with bicycles. Originally designed to mimic the kind of American motorbikes ridden by Peter Fonda and Dennis Hopper in the film Easy Rider, the Chopper stood out with its “stick shift” three speed gearing and cow horn handle bars.

Now it wants to reincarnate the bike as a British design classic in the same mould as the Mini or Triumph motorcycle. Halfords, which is releasing a limited number of the flaming red Hot One, claim Raleigh have put the bike back into production following demands from sentimental parents. Britain’s best loved bike brand 12 Sep Assistant buyer Hannah Coupland said: The problem with all this is that the Chopper was an absolute dog of a bike to ride. Poorly made and prone to rust, it had to be redesigned several times just to cure fundamental problems with its handling.

And then there was its trouble with hills. The bicycle’s high centre of gravity combined with a rear wheel that was larger than the front to make it impossible to ride uphill, or down. On descents, the Chopper was a death trap, its brakes woefully inadequate for the job. Although the bike’s inimitable design looked cool, in a straight race around the village green against the more robust Raleigh Grifter — the other popular bike from the same era — the Chopper always came a poor second.

Pit it against a ‘normal’ bike and it barely crossed the start line. The dirt bike, which grew out of the skateboard and motocross scene in California, was an instant global hit with kids everywhere. The sport of BMX has since gone on to feature in the Olympics and morphed into mountain biking, which is an even bigger craze.

Raleigh: Past & Presence of an Iconic Bicycle Brand

We departed from the historic year old Kenilworth Lodge with a stop at the Legacy Bicycles Shop around the corner from the Lodge. The trail consists of a concrete sidewalk most of the 10 miles. The west side of the Trail is along the Lake and the busy Rt. Step joints in the sidewalk have been ground smooth. Riders should be experienced and patient because of the many driveways and streets crossing the narrow Trail.

Dating Your Raleigh 3-speed Bicycle If your bicycle has a Sturmey-Archer hub (cs), it should have on the hub a date of manufacture, which would normally also be the cycle’s date of manufacture.

Replica made from the alleged Caprotti sketch. There are several early, but unverified claims for the invention of the bicycle. The earliest claim is that the bicycle was first made by the hand of Chinese inventor Lu Ban [1]. Another later report, in the form of a sketch, comes from and attributed to Gian Giacomo Caprotti , a pupil of Leonardo da Vinci. In Hans-Erhard Lessing described this as a purposeful fraud. Augusto Marinoni, a lexicographer and philologist, who was entrusted by the Commissione Vinciana of Rome with the transcription of Leonardo’s Codex Atlanticus.

Drais invented his Laufmaschine German for “running machine” in , that was called Draisine English or draisienne French by the press. Karl von Drais patented this design in , which was the first commercially successful two-wheeled, steerable, human-propelled machine, commonly called a velocipede , and nicknamed hobby-horse or dandy horse. Hans-Erhard Lessing Drais’ biographer found from circumstantial evidence that Drais’ interest in finding an alternative to the horse was the starvation and death of horses caused by crop failure in , the Year Without a Summer following the volcanic eruption of Tambora in This design was welcomed by mechanically minded men daring to balance, and several thousand copies were built and used, primarily in Western Europe and in North America.

Its popularity rapidly faded when, partly due to increasing numbers of accidents, some city authorities began to prohibit its use. However, in Paris a Chinese visitor named Bin Chun could still observe foot-pushed velocipedes. The concept was picked up by a number of British cartwrights; the most notable was Denis Johnson of London announcing in late that he would sell an improved model. During the summer of , the “hobby-horse”, thanks in part to Johnson’s marketing skills and better patent protection, became the craze and fashion in London society.

Raleigh bicycle HQ brings number of protected heritage sites to 400,000

The company history began more than one hundred years before then, in a time and in a Europe that would be wholly alien to those of us brought up over the recent generations. To be concise, the origin was some decades before then in when Josef Werndl b. He improved manufacturing techniques and diversified their offerings. They would continue the manufacturing but also develop the Werndl-rifle Model , a new modern breech loading rifle system. Working with talented engineers including Ferdinand Mannlicher the company became the leading European producer of small arms.

Keep in mind that the serials used for Raleigh Choppers – while apparently a nearly identical 7-digit system – do not corrispond well with those of the larger bicycles. For now, it should be assumed that the Choppers’ serial system is separate (until proven otherwise).

Smallish and plain of ornament it seemed downright unremarkable next to its freakishly collectable turn of the 20th century neighbours. But as I made my way past it, from the corner of my eye I glimpsed a little something that made me examine it closer – ultimately dragging it out into daylight. And there, by the creaking garden gate and under threat of rain, I stood and marveled at that deliciously bizarre feature that distinguished Humber bicycles from other English 3-speeds of its era.

In leu of standard fork blades, Humber devised a fork with skinny twin blades on each side. Okay, so maybe I need to get out more …but still! I mean come on, they are twin fork blades! Founded in in Beeston, England, Humber Cycles were a brand that has always struck me as largely fictional. By the s – when they began manufacturing bicycles as we know them today – original owner Thomas Humber had already sold the company and it was headed, as far as I can tell, by a marketing entity.

This could explain why, at a time when other bicycle manufacturers were making efforts to become more accessible to the general population, Humber boldly branded itself as “The Aristocrat of All Bicycles” inscribed on the seat tube decal – boasting a superior build quality and a plusher ride feel than its competitors. Naturally, these alleged advantages were reflected in the price. Having seen lots of Humber ephemera before ever glimpsing an actual bike, I’ve wondered whether perceptions of these bicycles at the time reflected the marketing message.

After all, by Humber was sold to Raleigh, essentially becoming just another of its sub-brands.

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Some of the mid ‘s straight gauge frames had serial numbers starting with a single letter which was towards the end of the alphabet. This new system applied to the high-end i. Reynolds frames, and involved the placing of a character at the beginning of the serial number. The character began at the start of the alphabet, and indicated year of manufacture. Detail about the numerals that follow the alphabet are sketchy, and are presumably sequential serial numbers of some kind.

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His development activities extended to construction methods and, whilst many of these are commonplace nowadays, the large section tube, extensive use of pressings and lugless construction of the original Moulton bicycles were quite revolutionary in Whilst Moulton bicycles of today are of different appearance and construction to the original models, the ethos of improved ride comfort, high performance, convenience and practicality in use is still the same.

It is noteworthy that the space-frame Moulton, some 35 years after initial launch, is still regarded as a novel and interesting design and its performance compares favourably with modern diamond frame bicycles. Of course, the latest Moulton models have considerably evolved since then and offer improvements in every area of performance and comfort. Strong parallels can be drawn between the evolution of the Moulton bicycle and research undertaken by Moulton Developments Ltd.

The rubber suspension systems used on the bicycle owe much to the Moulton automotive suspension systems used on the Mini, the MGF and over fifteen million British motor cars built between and This pioneering work in independent suspension placed greater demands upon chassis stiffness and these new design requirements eventually led to the space-frame construction of the Moulton coach. It soon became an icon of the swinging 60s seen as a fashionable mini-bike to go with mini-skirts and mini cars.

Museum Bikes Prior to 1944

The author has been writing thoroughly researched books on the history of bicycle technology since His primary concern has always been for accuracy, not for financial gain. He has therefore always made it a practice to publish, free of charge, update sheets including additional information and corrections.

Below is the first such update sheet for this book.

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In these cases examination of the frame number — where it is, what it is, and how it is, may be of some assistance at least in allowing other specialists to hazard a guess at the true origin of the frame or machine. These publications have been invaluable in adding accuracy to the information — but even including their data there are still well over makes of possible lightweights to be confused over!

The author would be grateful to know of any inaccuracies and to receive further information to make the tables more comprehensive. For example, some BSA frames have BSA and a 3 or 4 figure number cast into the base of the BB, this is just the casting number or perhaps a model number — it is not the frame number. Nervex, the lug maker, also had their name on their BB lugs with a long design serial number. Make a note of where on the BB the number is and its orientation — for example, is it upright or inverted for reading when lifting the front wheel up with the rear wheel still on the ground?

Is it central or on the left or right flange of the BB as seen from this upright view? Some builders stamped the numbers parallel to the edge of the BB, yet others are random when compared over the years. Most builders also stamped the frame number on the steerer tube of the front forks — but you may not wish to strip the machine down for this and in any case the forks may have been changed over the years. It can be worthy of note however that as sometimes very thick layers of paint can make the main frame number difficult to read —the steerer tube number is the only reliable evidence!

Granby before used to punch the number on the underside of the head tube —along the bottom edge of the fork crown.

Frame identification by frame number

It has not run since last summer, but it should start up with only the minimum servicing required, and will pass a new MOT. The Mosquito enjoys a good reputation for reliability and power. The engine was rebuilt by the previous owner. However, it was also built under license in France and Britian.

Nov 09,  · Date Raleigh by serial number? A couple of days ago I posted an inquiry about a Raleigh steel frame I have that has been painted by amateurs, and has no decals or anything on it. I suspect it is a premium quality frame due to several things.

Barbara September, by barbara. In the summer it is completely non motorized, something we are working hard to maintain. Views are great – however trail surface is deteriorating July, by bobwhite I rode this trail from The Gorham parking lot on route 2 up to Jefferson Notch Road on July 15, I have cycled this trail several times over the years, and for a while it looked like the trail was getting better, but now I’m thinking it’s being deteriorate.

On this mid-July day, some areas had grass feet high, ballast rock as been put down in a couple of areas to build the trail back up for snowmobiles good when the ballast is under the snow, not good when it’s a cycling surface. I had two ticks on my legs from the tall grass btw. There are some beautiful areas on this trail however, the Pondicherry end is also very nice I’ve done that section several times in the past. I rode on a hybrid with 26″x1.

Very Disappointing July, by thogamecalls We followed the Traillink directions and parked at the lot off of Airport Rd, in Whitefield and rode our mountain bikes east.

FRAME NUMBER BICYCLE DATING GUIDE

Brakes Older Raleigh-made brakes used special cables with moulded ends on both ends of the cables, as shown. These cables are no longer available. They were supplied in different configurations for front, gent’s rear and lady’s rear applications. The cable came with the adjusting barrel. To replace the cable assembly, you would unbolt the adjusting barrel from the caliper. These cables can often be revived by dripping oil into them and working them back and forth.

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This began to turn around in the camera and electronics industries in the s, but Japanese companies didn’t figure out how to make and sell bicycles for the U. As the s opened, the U. While Japanese bicycles were manufactured to very tight tolerances, and nicely finished considerably better than their European competition , the Japanese had not yet come to terms with the average American’s being taller and heavier than the average Japanese. This gap was wider at the time than it is now, due to the privations the Japanese population suffered during and after the war.

Royce Union he most widely distributed Japanese bike of this era was sold under the name Royce Union. This was a speed, pretty much all steel except for the handlebar stem and the Dia Compe brakes. This bike was only available in one size, 20″, which was considerably too small for an average American man. It was equipped with Araya steel rims, which were beautifully made, much smoother and truer than European steel rims of the era

Bike of the day The Raleigh an English Bicycle